The QNAP TS-x53D is a series of two- and four-bay NAS appliances.
- Realtek 8125 2.5Gbit Ethernet requires Linux 5.9-rc1 or above.
- QM2 expansion cards can add additional NVMe storage.
Access UEFI interface
Esc repeatedly during early boot with a display connected to the HDMI port, and it'll drop you into the interface once it's completed POST.
You'll need a USB thumb drive to use as the boot and OS media, and another temporarily to write the installer to. It'll be slower to boot than using the onboard DOM, but you'll get to use all of the drive bays.
Install Debian stable from the
netinst image, skipping configuration of the network interface. The
debian-installer kernel is too old to include the driver, so custom firmware won't work.
linux-image-5.10.0-0 from backports to get the network working. You'll need to download the
*.deb packages on the first boot to enable networking. To ensure the packages are kept up to date afterwards:
cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/buster-backports.list deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ buster-backports main deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ buster-backports non-free EOF apt update
If the router supports 802.3ad, bond the links:
# Bonded NICs auto enp6s0 iface enp6s0 inet manual auto enp7s0 iface enp7s0 inet manual # Bond auto bond0 iface bond0 inet static address 192.168.0.2/24 gateway 192.168.0.1 slaves enp6s0 enp7s0 bond-mode 802.3ad bond-miimon 100 bond-downdelay 200 bond-updelay 200 bond-lacp-rate 1 bond-xmit-hash-policy layer2+3
iface bond0 inet static bond-mode active-backup bond-miimon 100 bond-downdelay 200 bond-updelay 200